Mining engineering is actually a process that is carried out in order to extract minerals from the earth. This process includes various steps, such as survey and analysis of the mine, design and planning of the mine, as well as the current extraction of minerals. With their knowledge and technical skills, mining engineers are trying to achieve the maximum extraction of minerals at a safe level, and for this, they need to be able to plan accurately and choose appropriate and efficient methods for extraction. At the same time, mining engineers also have many responsibilities, including the preservation of the natural environment and the safety of mine workers. Therefore, in this field, it is very important to observe ethical principles and use sustainable and optimal methods.
When mining engineers are employed, with their technical knowledge and skills, they are trying to achieve the maximum extraction of minerals at a safe level, and for this, they need to be able to accurately plan and develop appropriate and efficient methods for extraction. to choose
For example, a part of a natural bitumen mine may be located in an area that is very difficult and complicated to extract the mineral located in that part due to unfavorable weather conditions or special geological processes. In such a situation, mining engineers need to invent new and different mining methods to mine the mineral located in that part.
One of the most important responsibilities of a mining engineer, as well as mine CEO, is to maintain the safety and health of employees. In the mining process, workers have to deal with dangerous chemicals and large and complex machinery. For this reason, the safety and health of employees should be considered from the beginning of the process to its end.
Mining engineers need to follow safety laws and regulations and keep their knowledge up-to-date. In addition, they should provide the necessary training for employees in the field of safety and the use of large and complex machinery. Also, they should provide the necessary safety equipment and devices to the employees and train them how to use these equipment.
Mining engineering faces many ethical challenges. Some of these challenges are:
1. Environmental Impacts: Mining may harm the environment. For example, drinking water and air, as the two most important sources of life, may be affected by mining. Therefore, mining engineers must pay attention to the environment and its effects.
2. Respect for human rights: In some areas, mining may harm human rights. For example, local families and communities may be disenfranchised by mining companies. Therefore, mining engineers should pay attention to human rights and local people’s rights.
3. Ethics in decision-making: Mining engineers must be able to make decisions about mining in a way that achieves economic, social and environmental benefits. The positive and negative effects of each decision and its interactions with the environment, society and economy should be considered.
4. Communication with local communities: Mining engineers must communicate with local communities and consider their needs. They should try to communicate and cooperate with local communities while respecting local culture and traditions.
In general, mining engineers should pay attention to their ethical responsibilities and make the best use of their expertise and knowledge to achieve economic, social and environmental benefits.
Mining engineering, as one of the important areas of the mining industry, plays a vital role in the economic extraction of play mines. This field plays important roles in the process of extraction and production of minerals, such as the extraction of Maad gilsonite, which is summarized as follows:
1- Investigation and evaluation of mines: mining conducts investigation and evaluation of the mining fleet with the help of various methods, including field research and geochemical tests. This activity makes their valuable identification and optimal identification.
2- Designing mining methods: Mining engineering designs and implements existing methods for optimal mining. These methods include geotechnical studies, numerical simulations and process optimization.
3- Execution of operations: mining engineering performs operations using various equipment. These activities include digging, loading, transporting minerals using equipment such as bulldozers, loaders, and trucks.
4- Waste management and environment: mining engineering is beneficial in order to reduce the negative effects of mines in the environment and to create methods of using waste, including planning mines, creating plans and using clean technologies.
In mining projects, the gap between commitments and implementation realities is much greater than in construction projects, because usually many details remain hidden before implementation. As a result, in the design of mining projects, it is not possible to predict everything that will happen in the future. Meanwhile, in construction projects, due to many experiences, many details have been clarified for the designers and the plans are relatively more complete and effective.
As an example, pay attention to the following problems that may occur in digging a mining tunnel:
In mining projects, the difference between commitments and implementation realities is much greater than in construction projects. There are problems such as tectonic crushing, changes in firing and maintenance, sudden collapse of the work chest and excessive water in the tunnel. In case of real problems, imposing the design forms on the consultant requires many meetings that may lose months of time and cause the project time delay, reducing the contractor’s profit and even tens of millions of fines for each day of delay in the delivery of the work. to be
Mining engineering is a very challenging profession that requires strong technical skills and the fulfillment of important professional responsibilities. In this article, the responsibilities of a mining engineer in maintaining the safety and health of employees, preserving the environment, preserving natural resources, and observing ethical principles were examined. By complying with these responsibilities, mining engineers can achieve the maximum extraction of minerals at a safe level with the least negative effects on the environment and humans.